重新定义PTE学习

PTE所有题型基础巩固、全面练习 、操作简单 听说读写,各个击破 自制模考系统,还原真实考试场景
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Ethan WANG 听力老师
听力小霸王美国加州大学圣地亚哥分校金融学硕士三年一线教学经验,主教PTE听力内部讲义参与编写《课窝PTE精讲精练系列丛书》课堂氛围轻松、条理清晰,高度关注学生的学习效果,注重课堂效率,尽量减少学生课后海量刷题时间
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  • PTE听力模拟题

    2017-04-27

        大家在备考的过程中一定很苦恼听力的问题该如何解决,今天就给大家带来一段听力的模拟题,希望大家多练多看!

        PTE考试听力材料:Section 4


    “听力模拟题”


        You are about to hear a talk by a university lecturer on the subject of health care. Before it begins you will have a short time to preview questions 31-40.

        Now as you listen answer questions 31-40.

        Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen and welcome to todays lecture on how health care is paid for in the modern world. Rich countries use a variety of ways to fund health care but by far the most important isthe public sector which on average across the OECD countries accounted for 72% of funding in 2001. The one country to buck this trend was America in which only 45% of health care was paid for this way.

        Let's go on to discuss this and other ways that the countries of the OECD use to pay for their health care. In short we can say that there are three main sources of funding. Firstly funds from the Public Sector are raised through Taxation as in Canada, Britain and Sweden. While in Germany, France and the Netherlands a significant amount of money is raised through Compulsory Contributions from employers and workers. Finally, in the USA the bulk of the finance is raised through Private Insurance which is paid for voluntarily by either employers or the employee but is usually dominated by the employers who are encouraged to offer their workers health benefits. The Americangovernment offers generous tax breaks to companies who offer health insurance packages to their staff. Thus it is estimated that due to these tax breaks, about 60% of all health spending in the USA is indirectly funded by the government.

        Now, let's go on to discuss the idea of Private Health Insurance which is so prevalent in the United States. In America , Private Insurance is relied upon asthe main contributor to the total expenditure on health care. But that is not to say that in other countries the notion of Private Health Insurance does not exist. Quitethe opposite in fact. However in contrast to the United States, most other countries look to Private Insurance to provide additional rather than primary cover. For examplein Canada it is used to cover things like dental care and other secondary things that are not covered by public insurance. In France it is used to meet co-payments by individuals that top up the main payments from the public programme. But in Britain the concept of Private Insurance is very controversial. Those who choose to take out supplementary insurance use it to jump long queues for operations and treatment under the British National Health Service. The National Health Service in Britain has been put under pressure in recent years due to reduced government funding and is finding it difficult to meet the demands being made on it. Thus, itis becoming more popular for people in Britain to take out Private Insurance in order to get quicker and bettertreatment. This is a very divisive issue since many people in the UK regard equal access to health care as a basic right and for rich people to cut in lineis often thought of as grossly unfair and tantamount to cheating.

        Although in most OECD countries health care is mainly funded from the public purse it is usually delivered by a mixed economy. In Britain the public sector is most heavily involved in running hospitals and it also exerts strong control over primary care through its private contracts with doctors. By contrast in Germany about half ofhospitals are privately run, though mainly not for profit while in the Netherlands this figure is more than 90%.

        Now let's compare how doctors are paid in some different OECD countries. Pay structures differ widely. In America, most doctors are paid on a fee-for-service basis. In France, primary care physicians are also paid this way but doctors in public hospitals are salaried. In Britain, hospital doctors are salaried and general practitioners are remunerated mainly based upon the number of patients on their register.

        So, to sum up, in most rich countries both financing and provision are becoming more mixed. In America the government's share of funding is rising whereas Germany is trying to get its citizens to pay more. And the British government, while maintaining their commitment to a publicly funded health service is giving greater autonomy to public hospitals and using private providers to do more work for the National Health Service.

        That is the end of Section 4. You will now have half a minute to check your answers. That is the end of IELTS listening test. You will now have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet.

        在此祝愿参加PTE考试的考生都能取得理想的成绩。

  • PTE备考方案

    2017-04-27

        无论你是坚持每天刷题,每天背单词,还是每天练听力口语,每一天的状态都是不同的,但相同的都是你在为了PTE考试而努力奋斗着,今天就来为努力备考的你涨点小“姿势”。

        Speaking&Writing

        PTE口语与其他考试不同的是它是机考,同时也是机改。这个意味着考生在准备时,首先要做到的是让机器能识别自己的发音。所以,发音清晰是基础。不论具体题型如何,PTE Speaking考察的无外乎三个方面:Content、Fluency、Pronunciation。根据题型不同,分数分配在这三个方面也是不一样的。

        PTE写作主要是两个大的题型,写essay和用一句话总结文章。PTE essay writing是绝大多数考生都熟悉的题型,与传统考试并无二致。唯一的区别在于,是需要通过键盘输入而非手写来完成的。因此,考生要适应英文输入。同时,由于PTE的考试系统是没有诸如word文档的纠正功能的,所以,考生在练习英文输入的时候,建议通过没有自动更正功能的软件,比如windows自带的文档功能,来强化拼写以及输入的正确度和速度。至于一句话总结文章,首先考察的是考生抓住文章主旨和提取文章主要观点的能力。其次需要考生针对长难句的写作进行练习,包括连词和从句的熟练运用,从而达到能在保证语法正确的前提下,把文章主要内容用一个长度在50到70词之间的句子提炼出来。


    PTE备考知识


        Reading

        鉴于是机考,考生首先要习惯脱离纸质文档适应在电脑屏幕上阅读英语文档。PTE阅读除了传统的多项选择之外,还有段落排序和选词填空这样的题型。针对段落排序,考生的备考侧重在段落逻辑关系和衔接词的运用上。而选词填空,更多是侧重于考生的词汇量,以及考生根据语境判断所缺单词的词性,时态和单复数的能力。

        Listening

        PTE听力是让很多考生很意外的一个单项,普遍听力单项得分最低。原因有几个:第一,听力题型多,达到7种不同题型。有些题型,例如repeat sentence(口语题但同时听力评分)或者write from dictation都是一句短句,却也有听完几分钟的lecture来做总结的冗长听力材料,每种题型考察的角度都不同。第二,区别于其他同类英语考试,PTE听力主观题很多,比如看图说话。第三,听力与其他科目交叉考察,比如听完lecture复述出来(听力 口语)或者summerize spoken text是输入总结内容(听力 写作)。第四,口音多,还有外界干扰等等。针对PTE听力,首先是适应PTE的出题方式,熟悉各类题型的具体要求以及评分标准;其次,培养短期记忆和速记能力是非常重要的。

        总体说来,PTE是一个相对新,同时也相对新颖的英语考试。备考起来,分长期和短期。短期主要针对不同题型做突破,提高考试技巧,熟悉得分点。然而根本还是在长期的积累,这个积累包括词汇量,语感和对英语这门语言的敏锐度和运用熟练度


  • PTE考试高分心得

    2017-04-27

        下面要为大家带来的是PTE考试的高分心得,希望大家看了也能从中得到一些帮助:

        PTE口语

        口语部分的考试,能难住大部分考生的莫过于三个题型: Repeat Sentence, Describe Image, Re-tell Lecture。我本身是一个极易走神,瞬时记忆能力相当低下的学生。在准备像Repeat Sentence 这类的题型时,想要在短时间内提高能力,困难可想而知。为了提高在该题型上的得分,我尝试过训练自己速记每个单词首字母,也努力练习过Shadowing(影子练习)。前者未见任何成效,后者虽见效甚微,但却锻炼了我的注意力。再之后就全凭自己静下心,集中注意力,尽可能听懂每一句考题,进行背诵。考试的状态渐渐从十句话只能记住三四句,到最后变成了只记不住一两句。Describe Image 和Re-tell Lecture 两题的考试则是在不断的考试中让我掌握到了考试的技巧。从一开始,全心投入关注回答的内容到后来找到内容,流利度及发音之间的平衡,认真阅读考试评分标准,真是帮了我一个大忙。过分着重对问题内容的回答而忽略自身语速、语音和语调,绝对是造成失分的罪魁祸首。

        PTE写作

        对于PTE 写作部分考试,我的认知是,PTE 考试更注重于考生文字的逻辑性,然而对于实质内容的要求则相对宽松一些。备考时,我并没有花费过多时间精力在写作这一单项上。但是,也免不了翻阅一些雅思各类写作题目的范文。重点不在计较范文作者如何论述自己的观点上,而是在段落分布和行文逻辑上。我偶尔也会做几次限时的写作训练,明确自己对于写作考试的时间安排。


    PTE备考心得


        阅读

        阅读部分的备考训练,几乎就是两个部分:第一,阅读各类新闻;第二,浏览学术词汇搭配表。PTE 阅读考试所涉及的内容范围非常广,例如,生活常识,时事新闻,学术研究等等。因此,对于阅读考试的准备只能是从各个方面入手。每天阅读各类新闻就是我个人认为提高阅读能力最好的方式。通过大量的阅读,不仅可以加快阅读的速度,又能接触到各类不同词汇及搭配。提到搭配,PTE 官方给出的学术词汇搭配表,也就是我备考的第二项内容,也是帮助提高阅读分数非常实用的工具。PTE 考试的两类Fill in the Blanks 题型都需要考生对学术词汇搭配有一定的了解和掌握。通过对这个搭配表的浏览,确实让我在回答这两个题型时轻松了不少。

        听力

        对于听力考试的训练,我一直抱持的观点是不必刻意为之,但是在生活中要处处留心。任何接触的到英语听力的场合或是机会都要全神贯注去听。无论是听歌,听新闻,看英文电视剧或电影,能够用听理解的内容,绝对不可以看文本。只有养成这种习惯,才可以在无形中提升自己的听力水平。对于绝大多数的考生来说,最简单易做到的就是,从开始备考就尽量只看无字幕的英文电视剧、电影。随着画面播放, 即使部分文字听不懂或抓不住,仍然可以通过推理猜测得出大致的意思。然后,逐步从电视剧,电影,转移到听一些新闻或者Podcast 上。循序渐进的训练,一定可以提高自己的听力能力。

        PTE 学术英语考试看似虽难,但是经过一番悉心准备,想取得个人理想的成绩并不是一件遥不可及的事。祝愿所有考生在努力过后,都能收获自己渴望的成果!


  • PTE听力涨分小技巧

    2017-04-27

        PTE听力让很多考生十分头疼,总是考不到高分,那么PTE听力需要具备哪些必备能力呢?下面为广大考生整理了听力必备的能力汇总,希望对考生们提高PTE听力有所帮助。

        巧记笔记:

        PTE听力部分的考试,非常注重考生对于听力材料内容的掌握。因此在听力过程当中,考生记笔记的能力会直接影响考生的答题,进而体现在考生的得分上。比起PTE口语部分的考试,听力考试过程中考生会多一项记录笔记的方式。口语考试中,机器并不接受考生直接通过打字进行笔记的记录。然而在听力考试过程中,不管是书面概括、填空或是听写,机器都提供了可进行打字输入的对话框。于是,在听力考试中,考生不仅可以通过在考试中心所准备的可擦拭笔记本上进行笔记的记录,也可以直接通过键盘输入记录笔记。那么如何选择笔记的记录方式,就取决于考生个人的实际情况了。对于手写速度快于打字速度的考生来说,适合他们的记录方式即是手写。反之,则选用打字记录。


    PTE听力考试涨分小技巧


        选对笔记记录方式之后,考生要注意的就是笔记记录的内容了。笔记的内容往往取决于考生对于听力材料的掌握程度,在听力录音开始之后,考生要懂得避轻就重,抓住录音的重点内容。例如,如果要掌握听力录音的主题内容或背景介绍,考生势必要特别关注录音的开头句和结尾句。准确掌握对于所听到内容的取舍,大大影响着考生的笔记质量。同时,在考生进行笔记记录时,对于特殊符号或是英文单词缩写的运用也同样至关重要。准确掌握各类技巧,有效记录笔记才能让考生的答题事半功倍。

        高度集中注意力:

        听力考试中播放的所有录音内容考生都只能听一次,这就意味着每一段听力录音都将是考生听到的第一次也是他们听到的最后一次。只有在这唯一一次的听力机会中有效提取所需的内容,考生才有可能尽可能的取得高分。PTE的听力考试有主观题也有客观题。在对主观题的回答过程中,错过对于关键词的记录就可能影响答题内容的完整性,例如书面概括这一题型。 错过关键词,对于填空或是听写题型的答题影响更是不言而喻。同样,在客观题的做题过程中一旦出现走神,错过特定的信号词,想要定位正确的选项更是难于登天。因此,在PTE听力考试的进行过程中,考生们必须时刻保持警惕。



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