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PTE真题讲解:如何做好PTE考试中paraphrase

2018-08-27

  PTE考试中的题型各有各的特色,考察的技巧点与难点也不尽相同。那么该怎样去预备,或许是许多考生温习时分都会纠结过的问题。

  有许多的同学在预备PTE的时分一定有这样的困惑:预备了好久,可是仍是没有抓到答题的精华,或许说这道题知道怎样答复,可是换一道题就不知道了。那终究怎样才干真正入门,让考试变得简略。碰到任何类型的标题都能对答如流呢?

  预备参与PTE考试的考生们,你们预备得怎样了?你对PTE考试有深化的了解吗?小编会常常为咱们带来关于考试得相关内容,让你的考试变的不那么难。期望备考PTE的考生或许想在今后参与考试的考生仔细阅读,期望能够给咱们的PTE备考带来帮助!

  Paraphrase是做好summarize spoken text和summarize written text的必修课。在理想的情况下,同学们读完或许听完文章,对内容有了自己的了解,再根据自己理解出的逻辑对文章进行剖析总结,得到答案。可是因为PTE考试内容倾向学术化,许多文章内容不流畅、逻辑杂乱,这就使得Paraphrase很是难做,不过也有一些小技巧,能够助同学们一臂之力。下面就以一道真题为例,具体解说一下具体办法。


PTE考试中Summarize真题讲解如何做好paraphrase


  真题举例

  It has been claimed that everything of importance that originated in Italy from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts. Early on, Cimabue and Duccio da Siena were the two masters whose Madonna’s had given the new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame. They were the heralds of the time when poetry of sentiment, beauty of colour, animation and individuality of form replaced Medieval formality and ugliness; a time when the spirit of art revived with an impulse prophetic of its coming glory. It is important to remember that the art of the Renaissance had, in the beginning, a distinct office to fill in the service of the Church. Later, in historical and decorative painting it served the State, and at length in portrait and landscape painting, in pictures of genre subjects and still-life, abundant opportunity was afforded for all orders of talent, and the generous patronage of art by church, state, and men of rank and wealth made Italy a veritable paradise for artists. Gradually, with the revival of learning, artists were free to give greater importance to secular subjects and an element of worldliness, and even of immorality, invaded the realm of art as it invaded the realms of life and literature. This was an era of change in all departments of life.

  Chivalry, the great "poetic lie," died with feudalism.

  关键字解析

  这篇文章的难点在于词义难明,语句结构杂乱,多用修辞办法,使同学们无论是找关键字仍是作总结都比较困难。因为本文着重于paraphrase部分,怎样寻觅关键字便不再赘述,仅将其陈列如下:

  1.everything of importance that originated in Italy from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts

  2.two masters;new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame

  3.the art of the Renaissance;service of the Church;served the State;afforded for all orders of talent;generous patronage of art

  4.give greater importance to secular subjects;invaded the realms of life and literature;chivalrydied with feudalism

  找到了一切关键字之后就是paraphrase的部分了。总的来说,做paraphrase能够从以下三个方面下手。

  一、词性替换

  这种办法考过雅思的同学应该都不生疏,主要是名词、动词、形容词之间的相互变换,在变换的过程中也带动了语句结构的改变。仍是那刚刚的语句举例。上一句中 bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts这段,咱们现已同榜首种办法将它变成了bore the unique mark of Fine Arts,但这还不行,咱们还能够进一步将mark变成动词,这样这句就变成了mark with the uniqueness of Fine Arts。

  二、近义词替换

  同近义词替换是最省心省力的paraphrase办法,像是本文中的everything of importance that originated in Italy from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts,这句话限定词许多,又不能一概放弃,只好找出同近义词来给本句“大换血”。如句中的importance能够换成significance,distinctive能够写作unique。这种办法仅有的要求是一些词汇量的堆集。再次主张咱们背单词的时分要将同类单词、形音附近单词、同词根放在一同记,这样不只记起来快,用起来也分外随手。

  三、总结与归纳

  以上两种办法尽管好用,但只适用于现已精简过的关键字的paraphrase,大多时分,同学们仍是要在长段的文字里捞出骨干,这就要求总结与归纳能力。好在这也是有诀窍的,关于解说型内容,同学们要着重找“为了什么在做这些解说?”,而关于文中所举的比如,则要看“这个比如是为了证明哪个观点?”。

  如文中的Early on, Cimabue and Duccio da Siena were the two masters whose Madonna’s had given the new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame. They were the heralds of the time when poetry of sentiment, beauty of colour, animation and individuality of form replaced Medieval formality and ugliness; a time when the spirit of art revived with an impulse prophetic of its coming glory.这一部分,行文运用了很多的排比,但实际上,从两个the time和前文的指代词they能够看出,它只是为了阐明契马布埃和杜乔料位大师的画作为这一年代带来的冲击和将来可预见的荣耀,即new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame就是他所论述的内容,在此根底上再做进一步的加工就能够了。

  总而言之,paraphrase也并没有咱们幻想的那么难做,只要用对办法,就不用过于担心。不过,好的办法只要在真正被把握时才干发挥作用,同学们要想信手拈来、举重若轻地做好paraphrase,每天的操练是必不可少的。下面附上克己答案,以供同学们参阅研讨。

  参阅答案

  In post-medieval Italy, everything of significance were marked with the uniqueness of Fine Arts, starting by two masters who brought painting vigour and infinite glory, so the Church, followed by States, were provided with artworks in various forms and proffered patronage to artists in return; the revolution altered secular life and forsook obsolete notions while overthrowing feudalism. (57字)

  综上所述,小编以为PTE学术英语考试不失为一种新的留学考试选择。特别是当考生英语根底较好、而申请时间较紧时,PTE学术英语考试能比雅思和托福更快地供给并寄送成绩,这对留学请求很有利。如果你对PTE官网模考等信息感兴趣。能够直接联络我们。


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