首页 >> PTE最新动向 >> 经验分享 >> PTE写作概括短文专项练习1






Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judge on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

With an abundance of low priced labor relative to the United States, it is no surprise that China, India and other developing countries specialize in the production of labor intensive products. For similar reasons, the United States will specialize in the production of goods that are human and physical capital intensive because of the relative abundance of a highly educated labor force and technically sophisticated equipment in the United States.

This division of global production should yield higher global output of both types of goods than would be the case if each country attempted to produce both of these goods itself. For example, the United States would produce more expensive labor intensive goods because of its more expensive labor and the developing countries would produce more expensive human and physical capital intensive goods because of their relative scarcity of these inputs. This logic implies that the United States is unlikely to be a significant global competitor in the production green technologies that are not relatively intensive in human and physical capital.

Nevertheless, during the early stages of the development of a new technology, the United States has a comparative advantage in the production of the products enabled by this innovation. However, once these technologies become well understood and production processes are designed that can make use of less skilled labor; production will migrate to countries with less expensive labor.


The fact that developing countries specialize in the production of labor-intensive products with abundant cheap labor, while America is good at manufacturing human-and-physical-intensive goods with a highly-educated labor force and technically sophisticated equipment leads to higher global outputs in both types of goods, and America better in the production enabled by innovation at first, which migrates to countries with cheaper labor once the technology and production process is well-known. (69 words)

发展中国家专门生产劳动密集型产品,拥有丰富的廉价劳动力,而美国擅长制造人力和物理密集型产品,拥有高学历的劳动力和技术先进的设备,从而带来更高的全球产出。 两种类型的商品,以及美国最初通过创新实现更好的生产,一旦技术和生产过程众所周知,就会迁移到劳动力成本较低的国家。